Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) Treatment in Buderim
The temporomandibular joint (abbreviated as “ATM”) acts as a sliding hinge that connects the jaw with the lateral part of the head.
If the temporomandibular joint works properly, it allows talking, chewing, and yawning. It is a very necessary and highly used joint in our daily life.
What alterations do Buderim dentists treat?
TMJ disorders are the chaos that can make ache and dysfunction in the joints and muscles that organize the movement of the jawbone. They are more frequent among women with 20 years or 40-50 years. In exceptional cases, it can also affect babies, since it is possible to be born with anomalies in the temporomandibular joint.
There are three types of alterations:
- Myofascial pain: It can appear in patients with a normal temporomandibular joint. The syndrome is caused by tension, tiredness, or spasms in the chewing muscles causes pain in the muscles that control the jaw and, often, causes abnormalities in the jaw mobility.
- Internal asymmetry: It is the most common form of joint alteration. It is caused by a displaced disc, a bad alignment, a dislocated jaw, or condyle lesions.
- Degenerative and inflammatory disorders
Origin of the disorders
What are the causes?
For many people with TMJ disorders, it is often difficult to determine the cause of this condition. Pain may appear due to a combination of factors:
- Congenital and developmental disorders: give rise to aplasias, hypoplasia, and hyperplasia.
- Malocclusions: if we disturb the balance of the occlusion, the cartilage of the temporomandibular joint can be affected. It results in muscle problems, headaches, and, over time, mandibular dysfunctions.
- Disruption of the condyle-disc complex: it involves anatomical, condylar, anterior displacement of the disc, and disc dislocations.
- Metabolic diseases
What are the symptoms?
In people with temporomandibular dysfunction, problems in the joint and surrounding muscles can cause symptoms, such as:
- Pain in the face, jaw, or neck.
- Pain on both sides of the head.
- Pain in one side of the head, which is activated by clenching the teeth.
- Pain in the muscles and/or jaw joint.
- Limited movement or blockage of the jaw.
- Stiffness in the jaw muscles.
- Difficulty or discomfort in chewing.
- Muscle spasms around the jaw.
TMJ disorders can also cause a snap or squeaky sensation when opening your mouth or chewing. However, if there is no pain or limitation of movement, likely, the person does not need a specific treatment.
Treatments of TMJ
How Buderim dental care for ATM?
The pain in the jaw may disappear with little or no treatment. The treatment can go through the application of simple practices, for example, eating soft foods or applying ice. But it may also require the use of painkillers or devices to be placed in the mouth. The dentist will assess the situation of each patient to recommend the application of conservative treatments or the use of surgery:
- Conservative treatments
o Stabilization splints: These devices serve to deprogram, modify sensory stimulation, reduce activity, and, therefore, muscle pain that is caused by the constant jaw pressure.
o Physiotherapy: Some appropriate physiotherapy techniques associated with dental treatment can favor the quality of life of patients.
- Surgical treatments
o Arthrocentesis: Using two intra-articular needles, an articular lavage is performed to remove all microscopic particles and then inject a solution to help lubricate the joint.
o Arthroscopy: An intra-articular chamber (arthroscope) can be inserted to allow the surgeon to examine the joint, remove the inflammatory tissue, and manipulate the structures.
o Joint replacement: If the problem causes great functional disability and the conservative measures cannot be answered, the treatment suggests replacing the joint with a prosthesis.
- Open surgery: If the patient has a tumor in the joint, it may be necessary to perform open surgery on the joint so that the specialist can access the interior and remove the damaged tissue.
Your local Sunshine Coast Dentist in Buderim.
BUDERIM PARK DENTAL
6/83 MILL RD, BUDERIM-4556
PH: 07 5445 6577